Hypertension is high blood pressure and is the leading cause of heart attack and stroke. The ideal blood pressure reading is 120/80. There is Primary and Secondary hypertension, most people have primary hypertension.
Causes: the causes of primary hypertension can be obesity, insulin resistance, genetic, and having low levels of nitric oxide. Causes for secondary hypertension include kidney disease, drugs, alcohol, sleep apnea and other endocrine disorders
Signs and symptoms:
Usually there are no symptoms, this is why it is called “the silent killer”. In advanced hypertension some signs include severe headache, nausea, seizure, visual disturbance and confusion
Diagnosis: blood pressure is determined through using an inflatable cuff and stethoscope